Posted by: retarigan | March 14, 2015

Word Dictionary [140315]

Word of the day: cognition
Definition: n. Philos. knowing, perceiving, or conceiving as an act or faculty distinct from emotion and volition.
Synonyms: knowledge, noesis
Etymology: L cognitio (as CO-, gnoscere gnit- apprehend) (more…)

pronunciation: kɔɡˈnɪʃən
from Oxford: cognition

1 Philos. knowing, perceiving, or conceiving as an act or faculty distinct from emotion and volition.
2 a result of this; a perception, sensation, notion, or intuition.
Derivatives: cognitional adj. cognitive adj.
Etymology: L cognitio (as CO-, gnoscere gnit- apprehend)

from Wordnet: cognition

n : the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning [syn: knowledge, noesis]

from Wikipedia: cognition; In science, cognition is the set of all mental abilities and processes related to knowledge: attention, memory and working memory, judgement and evaluation, reasoning and “computation”, problem solving and decision making, comprehension and production of language, etc. Human cognition is conscious and unconscious, concrete or abstract, as well as intuitive (like knowledge of a language) and conceptual (like a model of a language). Cognitive processes use existing knowledge and generate new knowledge.These processes are analyzed from different perspectives within different contexts, notably in the fields of linguistics, anesthesia, neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology, education, philosophy, anthropology, biology, systemics, and computer science. These and other different approaches to the analysis of cognition are synthesised in the developing field of cognitive science, a progressively autonomous academic discipline. Within psychology and philosophy, the concept of cognition is closely related to abstract concepts such as mind and intelligence. It encompasses the mental functions, mental processes (thoughts), and states of intelligent entities (humans, collaborative groups, human organizations, highly autonomous machines, and artificial intelligences). In cognitive psychology and cognitive engineering, cognition is typically assumed to be information processing in a participant’s or operator’s mind or brain.Cognition can in some specific and abstract sense also be artificial.

Quote of the day: A picture is a poem without words. by Horace

Birthday of the day: Johann Georg Gichtel; Johann Georg Gichtel (March 14, 1638 – January 21, 1710) was a German mystic and religious leader who was a critic of Lutheranism. His followers ultimately separated from this faith.

Joke of the day: Q. How many programmers does it take to change a light bulb? A. None. That’s a hardware issue.

Thought of the day: An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest.

Fact of the day: 44 BC – Casca and Cassius decide, on the night before the Assassination of Julius Caesar, that Mark Antony should stay alive.

Biography of the day: David Foster Wallace; David Foster Wallace (21 Feb. 1962-12 Sept. 2008), writer, was born in Ithaca, New York, to James Donald Wallace, a philosopher, and Sally Foster Wallace, an English teacher. At the time of Wallace’s birth, his father was a philosophy graduate student at Cornell University. After completing his Ph.D., Donald Wallace accepted a teaching job at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign and moved his young family, which also included Wallace’s sister, Sally, to nearby Philo, Illinois. By the time he was an adolescent Wallace had emerged as a prodigy at both mathematics and tennis. In his 1992 essay ‘Derivative Sport in Tornado Alley,’ collected in A Supposedly Fun Thing I’ll Never Do Again: Essays and Arguments (1997), Wallace connected his aptitude at both activities to the Philo landscape: ‘I’d grown up inside vectors, lines and lines athwart lines, grids–and, on the scale of horizons, broad curving lines of geographic force, the weird topographical drain-swirl of a whole lot of ice-ironed land that sits and spins atop plates’ (p. 3).

Article of the day: Portrait of a Young Girl; Portrait of a Young Girl is a small oil-on-oak panel painting in the Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, by the Early Netherlandish painter Petrus Christus. It was completed between 1465 and 1470, towards the end of the artist’s life, and marks a significant advance in the oeuvres of both Christus and contemporary portraiture. The girl is set in an airy, three-dimensional, realistic setting, confronting the viewer with an expression that is reserved, but alert and intelligent. She reflects the Gothic ideal of elongated facial features, narrow shoulders, tightly pinned hair and an almost unnaturally long forehead. The painting is widely regarded as one of the most exquisite Northern Renaissance portraits. Art historian Joel Upton describes the sitter as resembling “a polished pearl, almost opalescent, lying on a cushion of black velvet.” The panel builds on the work of the first generation Northern Renaissance painters Jan van Eyck and Rogier van der Weyden, and was highly influential in the decades after its completion. Its appeal lies in part in the intriguing stare, accentuated by the slight misalignment of her eyes and asymmetry of her eyebrows.

Did you know: a) that actress Helen Ernstone appeared in stage adaptations of Charles Dickens novels? b) that the Melbourne Jazz Co-operative runs three jazz concerts a week and is the most active jazz presenter organisation in Australia? c) that cartoonist Ken Emerson wrote the second-longest running comic strip in Australia? d) that Tristan Wade has had three World Series of Poker final table finishes in 2011?



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