Word of the day: insomnia
Definition: n. habitual sleeplessness; inability to sleep.
Etymology: L f. insomnis sleepless (as IN-(1), somnus sleep) (more…)
from Oxford: insomnia
n. habitual sleeplessness; inability to sleep.
Derivatives: insomniac n. & adj.
Etymology: L f. insomnis sleepless (as IN-(1), somnus sleep)
from Wordnet: insomnia
n : an inability to sleep; chronic sleeplessness [ant: hypersomnia]
from Wikipedia: insomnia; Insomnia, or sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder in which there is an inability to fall asleep or to stay asleep as long as desired. that can accompany several sleep, medical, and psychiatric disorders characterized by a persistent difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep or sleep of poor quality. Insomnia is typically followed by functional impairment while awake. Insomnia can occur at any age, but it is particularly common in the elderly. Insomnia can be short term (up to three weeks) or long term (above 3–4 weeks); it can lead to memory problems, depression, irritability and an increased risk of heart disease and automobile related accidents.Those who are having trouble sleeping sometimes turn to sleeping pills, which can help when used occasionally but may lead to substance dependency or addiction if used regularly for an extended period.Insomnia can be grouped into primary and secondary, or comorbid, insomnia. Primary insomnia is a sleep disorder not attributable to a medical, psychiatric, or environmental cause. It is described as a complaint of prolonged sleep onset latency, disturbance of sleep maintenance, or the experience of non-refreshing sleep. A complete diagnosis will differentiate between free-standing primary insomnia, insomnia as secondary to another condition, and primary insomnia co-morbid with one or more conditions.
Quote of the day: A government that robs Peter to pay Paul can always depend on the support of Paul. by George Bernard Shaw
Birthday of the day: Ivan II of Russia; Ivan II Ivanovich the Fair (Иван II Иванович Красный in Russian) (30 March 1326 – 13 November 1359) was the second son of Ivan Kalita who succeeded his brother Simeon the Proud, who died of the Black Death, as Grand Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir in 1353. Until that date, he had ruled the towns of Ruza and Zvenigorod.
Joke of the day: A defendant in a lawsuit involving large sums of money was talking to his lawyer. ‘If I lose this case, I’ll be ruined.’ ‘It’s in the judge’s hands now,’ said the lawyer. ‘Would it help if I sent the judge a box of cigars?’ ‘Oh no! This judge is a stickler or ethical behavior. A stunt like that would prejudice him against you. He might even hold you in contempt of court. In fact, you shouldn’t even smile at the judge.’ Within the course of time, the judge rendered a decision in favor of the defendant. As the defendant left the courthouse, he said to his lawyer, ‘Thanks for the tip about the cigars. It worked!’ ‘I’m sure we would have lost the case if you’d sent them.’ ‘But, I did send them.’ ‘What? You did?’ said the lawyer, incredulously. ‘Yes. That’s how we won the case.’ ‘I don’t understand,’ said the lawyer. ‘It’s easy. I sent the cigars to the judge, but enclosed the plaintiff’s business card.’
Thought of the day: Victorious warriors win first and then go to war, while defeated warriors go to war first and then seek to win.
Fact of the day: 598 – Balkan Campaign: The Avars lift the siege at the Byzantine stronghold of Tomis. Their leader Bayan I retreats north of the Danube River after the Avaro-Slavic hordes are decimated by the plague.
Biography of the day: Vivian Malone Jones; Vivian Malone Jones (15 July 1942-13 Oct. 2005), civil rights activist, was born Vivian Juanita Malone in Mobile, Alabama, to Willie Malone, a carpenter and maintenance man, and Bertha Malone, a maid. She was the oldest of eight children–three boys and five girls. When Vivian was twelve years old, her curiosity about racially segregated public education was aroused, although she did not recognize it at the time. A front-page story in the Mobile newspaper discussed the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education, which in 1954 outlawed segregation in public schools. Vivian questioned her mother about the meaning of the decision. Vivian knew already that she wanted to attend college and major in business, yet the ruling instilled in her the idea that she could achieve anything if she put her mind to it. She was also a capable student and belonged to the National Honor Society while in high school.
Article of the day: Alsos Mission; The Alsos Mission was an Allied unit formed to investigate Axis scientific developments, especially nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, as part of the Manhattan Project during World War II. Colonel Boris Pash, a former Manhattan Project security officer, was the mission’s commander, and Samuel Goudsmit was its scientific leader. They joined the advancing Allied units, and occasionally operated behind enemy lines, first in Italy, and later in France and Germany. Gathering information on the German nuclear project, mission personnel captured and dismantled the German experimental nuclear reactor at Haigerloch (pictured) in a daring raid behind German lines in April 1945. They took senior German researchers into custody, including Otto Hahn, Max von Laue, Werner Heisenberg and Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker. They searched for personnel, records, and materials that might be useful, to make them available for Allied research and to keep them out of Soviet hands. Over 1,000 tons of uranium ore was recovered by the mission, along with stocks of heavy water.
Did you know: a) that the Rowan County War resulted in 20 deaths, talk of dissolving Rowan County, Kentucky, and the founding of what would become Morehead State University? b) that transit of cargo between the Croatian Port of Ploce (pictured) and Bosnia and Herzegovina is exempt of duties and taxes? c) that in September 1924, Jack Fowler scored five goals in a football match for Swansea Town against Charlton Athletic, which remains the club record for most goals in a match? d) that ‘king of the paparazzi’ Felice Quinto was shot with an arrow in the course of his duty?