Posted by: retarigan | April 14, 2015

Word Dictionary [140415]


Word of the day: cognition
Definition: n. Philos. knowing, perceiving, or conceiving as an act or faculty distinct from emotion and volition.
Synonyms: knowledge, noesis
Etymology: L cognitio (as CO-, gnoscere gnit- apprehend) (more…)

pronunciation: kɔɡˈnɪʃən
from Oxford: cognition

n.
1 Philos. knowing, perceiving, or conceiving as an act or faculty distinct from emotion and volition.
2 a result of this; a perception, sensation, notion, or intuition.
Derivatives: cognitional adj. cognitive adj.
Etymology: L cognitio (as CO-, gnoscere gnit- apprehend)

from Wordnet: cognition

n : the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning [syn: knowledge, noesis]

from Wikipedia: cognition; In science, cognition is the set of all mental abilities and processes related to knowledge: attention, memory and working memory, judgement and evaluation, reasoning and “computation”, problem solving and decision making, comprehension and production of language, etc. Human cognition is conscious and unconscious, concrete or abstract, as well as intuitive (like knowledge of a language) and conceptual (like a model of a language). Cognitive processes use existing knowledge and generate new knowledge.These processes are analyzed from different perspectives within different contexts, notably in the fields of linguistics, anesthesia, neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology, education, philosophy, anthropology, biology, systemics, and computer science. These and other different approaches to the analysis of cognition are synthesised in the developing field of cognitive science, a progressively autonomous academic discipline. Within psychology and philosophy, the concept of cognition is closely related to abstract concepts such as mind and intelligence. It encompasses the mental functions, mental processes (thoughts), and states of intelligent entities (humans, collaborative groups, human organizations, highly autonomous machines, and artificial intelligences). In cognitive psychology and cognitive engineering, cognition is typically assumed to be information processing in a participant’s or operator’s mind or brain.Cognition can in some specific and abstract sense also be artificial.

Quote of the day: A picture is a poem without words. by Horace

Emperor Go-Kōgon

Emperor Go-Kōgon

Birthday of the day: Emperor Go-Kōgon; Emperor Go-Kōgon (後光厳天皇 Go-Kōgon-tennō) (March 23, 1338 – March 12, 1374) was the 4th of the Ashikaga Pretenders during the Period of the Northern and Southern Courts. According to pre-Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1352 through 1371.

Joke of the day: Q. How many programmers does it take to change a light bulb? A. None. That’s a hardware issue.

Thought of the day: An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest.

Fact of the day: 43 BC – Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Caesar\’s assassin Decimus Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, but is then immediately defeated by the army of the other consul, Hirtius.

Biography of the day: David Foster Wallace; David Foster Wallace (21 Feb. 1962-12 Sept. 2008), writer, was born in Ithaca, New York, to James Donald Wallace, a philosopher, and Sally Foster Wallace, an English teacher. At the time of Wallace’s birth, his father was a philosophy graduate student at Cornell University. After completing his Ph.D., Donald Wallace accepted a teaching job at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign and moved his young family, which also included Wallace’s sister, Sally, to nearby Philo, Illinois. By the time he was an adolescent Wallace had emerged as a prodigy at both mathematics and tennis. In his 1992 essay ‘Derivative Sport in Tornado Alley,’ collected in A Supposedly Fun Thing I’ll Never Do Again: Essays and Arguments (1997), Wallace connected his aptitude at both activities to the Philo landscape: ‘I’d grown up inside vectors, lines and lines athwart lines, grids–and, on the scale of horizons, broad curving lines of geographic force, the weird topographical drain-swirl of a whole lot of ice-ironed land that sits and spins atop plates’ (p. 3).

Article of the day: Taiko; Taiko drums, a broad range of Japanese percussion instruments, were introduced to Japan through Korean and Chinese cultural influence as early as the 6th century, and a mythological origin is mentioned in the Nihon Shoki, the second oldest book of Japanese classical history. They have seen use in Japan for communication, theatre, religious ceremonies, and festival and concert performances. In feudal warfare, taiko drums were used to summon troops, call out orders and set a marching pace. In modern times, they have played a role in social movements for minorities within and outside Japan. Taiko performances can vary in their rhythms, forms, stick grips, clothing, and instrumentation. Ensembles typically use different types of barrel-shaped nagadō-daiko drums, as well as the smaller shime-daiko. Many groups accompany their drums with vocals, strings, and woodwind instruments. The popular ensemble style called kumi-daiko was developed in 1951 through the work of Daihachi Oguchi, and has continued with groups such as Kodo. Kumi-daiko performance groups are active in Japan, the U.S., Australia, Canada, and Brazil.

Did you know: a) that actress Helen Ernstone appeared in stage adaptations of Charles Dickens novels? b) that the Melbourne Jazz Co-operative runs three jazz concerts a week and is the most active jazz presenter organisation in Australia? c) that cartoonist Ken Emerson wrote the second-longest running comic strip in Australia? d) that Tristan Wade has had three World Series of Poker final table finishes in 2011?

Source: http://worddictionary.com.au/


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