Posted by: retarigan | May 6, 2015

Word Dictionary [060515]

Word of the day: pariah
Definition: n. a social outcast.
Synonyms: outcast, castaway, Ishmael
Etymology: Tamil paraiyar pl. of paraiyan hereditary drummer f. parai drum (more…)

pronunciation: ˈpærɪə

from Oxford: pariah

1 a social outcast.
2 hist. a member of a low caste or of no caste in S. India.
Phrases and idioms: pariah-dog = PYE-DOG.
Etymology: Tamil paraiyar pl. of paraiyan hereditary drummer f. parai drum

from Wordnet: pariah

n : a person who is rejected (from society or home) [syn: outcast, castaway, Ishmael]

from Wikipedia: pariah; Pariah (often meaning outcast) may refer to: A member of the Paraiyar caste in south Indian states Pariah state, a country whose behavior does not conform to norms

Quote of the day: All changes, even the most longed for, have their melancholy; for what we leave behind us is a part of ourselves; we must die to one life before we can enter another. by Anatole France

Pope Marcellus II

Pope Marcellus II

Birthday of the day: Pope Marcellus II; Pope Marcellus II (6 May 1501 – 1 May 1555), born Marcello Cervini degli Spannochi, was Pope from 9 April 1555 to 1 May 1555, succeeding Pope Julius III. Before his accession as Pope he had been Cardinal-Priest of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme. He was the last Pope not to change his name on his accession, and the last pope numbered anything less than IV before John Paul I.

Joke of the day: Do you believe in life after death?’ the boss asked one of his employees. ‘Yes, sir,’ the clerk replied. ‘That’s good,’ the boss said. ‘After you left early yesterday to go to your grandmother’s funeral, she stopped in to see you.’

Thought of the day: The future starts today, not tomorrow.

Fact of the day: 1527 – Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. 147 Swiss Guards, including their commander, die fighting the forces of Charles V in order to allow Pope Clement VII to escape into Castel Sant\’Angelo.

Biography of the day: Paul Otlet; Paul Otlet (b. August 23, 1868, Belgium – December 10, 1944) was the founding father of documentation, the field of study now more commonly referred to as information science. He created the Universal Decimal Classification, one of the most prominent examples of faceted classification. Otlet was responsible for the widespread adoption in Europe of the standard American 3×5 inch index card used until recently in most library catalogs around the world, though largely displaced by the advent of online public access catalogs (OPAC). Otlet wrote numerous essays on how to collect and organize the world?s knowledge, culminating in two books, the Trait? de documentation (1934) and Monde: Essai d’universalisme (1935). Otlet, along with his friend and colleague Henri La Fontaine, who won the Nobel Prize in 1913, founded the now-bankrupt Institute International de Bibliography in 1895 which later became in English the International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID). In 1910, following a huge international conference, they created the Union of International Associations, which is still located in Brussels. They also created a great international center called at first Palais Mondial (World Palace), later, the Mundaneum to house the collections and activities of their various organizations and institutes.

Article of the day: 2002 Pacific typhoon season; The 2002 Pacific typhoon season, covering the Pacific north of the equator and west of the International Date Line, was very active, with many tropical cyclones affecting the Philippines, Japan, and China, especially from July to October. Overall, there were 37 tropical depressions declared officially or unofficially, of which 26 became named storms, including 15 typhoons (hurricanes). The season began early: Tapah developed on January 10 east of the Philippines. Two months later, Typhoon Mitag became the first recorded super typhoon in March. In June, Typhoon Chataan dropped heavy rainfall in the Federated States of Micronesia, killing 48 people and becoming the deadliest natural disaster in the state of Chuuk. Chataan later left heavy damage in Guam before striking Japan. In August, Typhoon Rusa became the deadliest typhoon in South Korea in 43 years, causing 238 deaths and $4.2 billion in damage. Typhoon Higos (pictured) in October was the third-strongest typhoon to strike Tokyo since World War II. Typhoon Pongsona, the last of the season, became one of the costliest storms ($700 million) on record in Guam; it dissipated on December 11.

Did you know: a) that the Italian battleship Caio Duilio was one of the longest-lived World War I dreadnoughts? b) that for his 2004 film Drum, director Zola Maseko received the top prize at FESPACO, the Golden Stallion of Yennenga, in addition to a cash prize of 10 million CFA francs (US$20,000)? c) that the North Umpqua kalmiopsis (pictured) was, for over 50 years, thought to be a form of the floral species Kalmiopsis leachiana? d) that seven Cornish fishermen sailed to Australia in the lugger Mystery in 1854-55, a journey which is being recreated today by the Spirit of Mystery?



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