Posted by: retarigan | May 14, 2015

Word Dictionary [140515]

Word of the day: cognition
Definition: n. Philos. knowing, perceiving, or conceiving as an act or faculty distinct from emotion and volition.
Synonyms: knowledge, noesis
Etymology: L cognitio (as CO-, gnoscere gnit- apprehend) (more…)

pronunciation: kɔɡˈnɪʃən

from Oxford: cognition

1 Philos. knowing, perceiving, or conceiving as an act or faculty distinct from emotion and volition.
2 a result of this; a perception, sensation, notion, or intuition.
Derivatives: cognitional adj. cognitive adj.
Etymology: L cognitio (as CO-, gnoscere gnit- apprehend)

from Wordnet: cognition

n : the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning [syn: knowledge, noesis]

from Wikipedia: cognition; In science, cognition is the set of all mental abilities and processes related to knowledge: attention, memory and working memory, judgment and evaluation, reasoning and “computation”, problem solving and decision making, comprehension and production of language, etc. Human cognition is conscious and unconscious, concrete or abstract, as well as intuitive (like knowledge of a language) and conceptual (like a model of a language). Cognitive processes use existing knowledge and generate new knowledge.These processes are analyzed from different perspectives within different contexts, notably in the fields of linguistics, anesthesia, neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology, education, philosophy, anthropology, biology, systemics, and computer science. These and other different approaches to the analysis of cognition are synthesised in the developing field of cognitive science, a progressively autonomous academic discipline. Within psychology and philosophy, the concept of cognition is closely related to abstract concepts such as mind and intelligence. It encompasses the mental functions, mental processes (thoughts), and states of intelligent entities (humans, collaborative groups, human organizations, highly autonomous machines, and artificial intelligences). In cognitive psychology and cognitive engineering, cognition is typically assumed to be information processing in a participant’s or operator’s mind or brain.Cognition can in some specific and abstract sense also be artificial.

Quote of the day: A picture is a poem without words. by Horace

Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Birthday of the day: Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor; Charles IV (Czech: Karel IV., German: Karl IV, Latin: Carolus IV) (14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378), born Wenceslaus (Václav), was the second king of Bohemia from the House of Luxembourg, and Holy Roman Emperor.

Joke of the day: Q. How many programmers does it take to change a light bulb? A. None. That’s a hardware issue.

Thought of the day: An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest.

Fact of the day: 1264 – Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.

Biography of the day: David Foster Wallace; David Foster Wallace (21 Feb. 1962-12 Sept. 2008), writer, was born in Ithaca, New York, to James Donald Wallace, a philosopher, and Sally Foster Wallace, an English teacher. At the time of Wallace’s birth, his father was a philosophy graduate student at Cornell University. After completing his Ph.D., Donald Wallace accepted a teaching job at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign and moved his young family, which also included Wallace’s sister, Sally, to nearby Philo, Illinois. By the time he was an adolescent Wallace had emerged as a prodigy at both mathematics and tennis. In his 1992 essay ‘Derivative Sport in Tornado Alley,’ collected in A Supposedly Fun Thing I’ll Never Do Again: Essays and Arguments (1997), Wallace connected his aptitude at both activities to the Philo landscape: ‘I’d grown up inside vectors, lines and lines athwart lines, grids–and, on the scale of horizons, broad curving lines of geographic force, the weird topographical drain-swirl of a whole lot of ice-ironed land that sits and spins atop plates’ (p. 3).

Article of the day: 21st Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Skanderbeg; The 21st Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Skanderbeg (founded May 1944) was a German mountain infantry division of the Waffen-SS, the armed wing of the Nazi Party that served alongside the German armed forces during World War II. Composed of Muslim Albanians with mostly German and ethnic German Yugoslav officers and non-commissioned officers, it was named for medieval Albanian lord George Kastrioti Skanderbeg, who had defended the region of Albania against the Ottoman Empire. The division committed numerous atrocities in predominantly Serb areas, and rounded up Jews in Pristina for deportation to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp on 14 May 1944. Its only significant military actions took place during a German anti-Partisan offensive in the German occupied territory of Montenegro in June and July. It was then deployed as a guard force in Kosovo, where it was quickly overrun by the Partisans. Reinforced by German Kriegsmarine (navy) personnel and with less than 500 Albanians remaining in its ranks, it was disbanded on 1 November 1944. Divisional commander SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS August Schmidhuber was later found guilty of war crimes by a Belgrade court and executed in 1947.

Did you know: a) that actress Helen Ernstone appeared in stage adaptations of Charles Dickens novels? b) that the Melbourne Jazz Co-operative runs three jazz concerts a week and is the most active jazz presenter organisation in Australia? c) that cartoonist Ken Emerson wrote the second-longest running comic strip in Australia? d) that Tristan Wade has had three World Series of Poker final table finishes in 2011?



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